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無聲模式 | 29th May 2013 | 默劇 | (230 Reads)

Mime除了是用於表演上,她還有另一個很有意義的用途 - Mime Therapy

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Mime Therapy於上世紀70年代由默劇演員Jan Bronk及一位叫Pieter Devriese的醫生共同發展出來的,作用為幫助面部肌肉不能自如控制的病人,助其表達情感。

有關Mime Therapy的介紹:

Mime therapy is a type of physiotherapy. It was developed in the Netherlands in the 1970s by a mime actor named Jan Bronk and an otolaryngologist named Pieter Devriese. Mime therapy was created to help patients who had limited or restricted facial movement or a lack of facial muscle control.

Conventionally speaking, miming is a performance art that relies on expression and body movement to communicate without speaking. Miming demands a highly-refined sense of body and muscle control.

During mime therapy, patients perform a series of mime-like facial exercises and assume certain expressions in particular sequences. Mime therapy may be used to treat patients with partially paralyzed facial nerves and patients who have had facial nerve or muscle reconstruction. For instance, patients with Bell's palsy (the most common cause of facial paralysis), may undergo mime therapy. Bell's palsy typically results in paralysis or weakness on one side of the face; some patients may also develop synkinesis. Synkinesis consists of involuntary facial movements, such as grimacing, that accompany voluntary movements, such as closing of the eyes. Most people who are afflicted with Bell's palsy recover fully, regardless of treatment.

The goal of mime therapy is to improve the symmetry of facial features and to help patients regain expression and control of their facial muscles. For example, damage to facial nerves may result in a droopy facial appearance; patients may also have difficulty using their facial muscles to express emotion. In addition, patients may have problems with speaking, eating, and drinking.

Bronk and Devriese collaborated on a plan to treat individual patients using a series of facial exercises; these treatments were combined with massage for the face and neck, along with breathing and relaxation exercises. To create mime therapy, Bronk modified mime principles by developing a detailed analysis of the face that looked at movements involved in breathing, articulation, alertness and expression.

Bronk began to train physiotherapists in mime therapy in 1980. After his death in 1985, the first two physiotherapists whom he had trained continued to teach his methods to other physiotherapists. Speech therapists and physiotherapists who have successfully completed these courses are able to treat patients who have peripheral facial paresis (paralysis).

About 30 mime therapists are currently practicing in the Netherlands, where they treat around 250 patients per year. Mime therapy is also practiced in Belgium, Italy, and Portugal.

Some researchers suggest that mime therapy may one day be part of the physiotherapy protocol for patients who are dealing with stroke and other neurological conditions. Because well-designed research is lacking in this area, however, mime therapy should not be used as the only treatment approach for serious medical conditions: Its use may delay the consideration of more proven therapies.

Mime therapy should not be confused with MIME (Mirror Image Movement Enhancer) training. The latter uses robotic devices to assist stroke patients with arm and hand function and other skills.

 

文章摘自:

http://www.feelgoodnow.com/content/mime-therapy/therapies/1275

 

 

Silence Theatre:

http://www.silencetheatre.com/